Proskomma - 6x in 6v in NAS - Ro 9:32, 33; 14:13, 20; 1Cor 8:9; 1Pet 2:8. The 39 uses of peripateo in the Gospels always refer to literal, physical walking. Agape love does not depend on the world’s criteria for love, such as attractiveness, emotions, or sentimentality. Gossip, slander, boasting, bitterness, greed, abuse, anger, selfishness, and revenge all close the hearts of those around us to the message of God through us. We fully agree with the general opinion of Christian people that such substances as opium and marijuana should not be used at all, except possibly by a physician's orders; but we claim the God-given right to make this decision ourselves, and not to have it made for us by an ecclesiastical judicatory. 6:3 ESV). MacArthur - How would a weak brother be grieved? In sum logizomai means to draw a logical conclusion from a given set of facts, as in Romans 6:11 (see notes) where one is commanded to continually (present imperative) draw the conclusion (based on the truths "enumerated" in Ro 6:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10-see notes) that we are "dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus". ", Since the Christian is declared to be free to use or not use things indifferent — then it follows that any abstinence from things indifferent must in the nature of the case be voluntary, and not obligatory. Only in the apocryphal literature does koinos mean “unclean” (ritually; e.g., 1 Maccabees 1:47,62). — Reprinted by permission. The greatest force on earth is not the compulsion of law but the compassion of love. This is not always the duty of Christians, for there may be circumstances when loyalty to Christ requires that our own physical welfare be disregarded — or even that, rather than deny the Lord, we suffer martyrdom and allow the body to be entirely destroyed. Young's Literal: I have known, and am persuaded, in the Lord Jesus, that nothing is unclean of itself, except to him who is reckoning anything to be unclean -- to that one it is unclean. Note that this hand-washing was not in the interests of hygienic purity; it was ceremonial cleanness which was at stake. BUT TO HIM WHO THINKS ANYTHING TO BE UNCLEAN, TO HIM IT IS UNCLEAN: di heautou, ei me to logizomeno (PMPMSD) ti koinon einai (PAN) ekeino koinon: But - term of contrast. Romans 14:13-23 Love's Greater Call is part of the last section of Romans, Romans 12-16 where God's people are in various situations exhorted to love one another. One day when this person contributed only a small gift to a worthy charity, Wesley openly criticized him. What is Paul contrasting? “Therefore let us not judge one another, but judge this rather that no one put a stumbling block or an offense in the way of his brother. Rather our judgment should be that we should not put a stumbling-block or occasion for falling in the way of our brother or sister. 1700-1703. 2:2, 4, 5; 6:10; 7:8, 9, 11; Eph. 8:9; Sept.: Ex. Let us not therefore judge ('assume the office of judge over') one another anymore: but judge this rather, that no man put a stumblingblock, or an occasion to fall, in his brother's way - a beautiful sort of play upon the word 'judge,' meaning, 'But let this be your judgment, not to put a stumblingblock,' etc. (NASB: Lockman), Greek: ei gar dia broma o adelphos sou lupeitai (3SPPI) ouketi kata agapen peripateis (2SPAI): me to bromati sou ekeinon apollue (2SPAM) huper ou Christos apethanen (3SAAI), Amplified:But if your brother is being pained or his feelings hurt or if he is being injured by what you eat, [then] you are no longer walking in love. MacArthur - Food was emblematic of their liberty. John Wesley told of a man he had little respect for because he considered him to be miserly and covetous. Stott says, “Love never disregards weak consciences”. Mark 7:2 and had seen that some of His disciples were eating their bread with impure hands, that is, unwashed. If so, then you need to show him your love by limiting your liberty. Romans 14:13, NASB : "Therefore let us not judge one another anymore, but rather determine this-- … As He makes clear elsewhere, hell is not a place or state of nothingness or unconscious existence, as is the Hindu Nirvana but is the place of everlasting torment, the place of eternal death, where there will be “weeping and gnashing of teeth” (Mt 13:42, 50). This doctrine is proved by Romans 14:14 and I Corinthians 10:23. “Stumbling block” originally referred to a trap. Romans 14:13. (John 13:35). That is, incidentally, another good example of how the context extends beyond chapter divisions. 1871-8. (Phillips: Touchstone). BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Romans 14:13". We have taken some time over these scribal laws, this tradition of the elders, because that is what Jesus was up against. Peter helps us understand this quality of faith, writing "to those who have received a faith of the same kind as ours". First, it describes those things which are shared by a group of people, what is held by a "community." Romans 14:15: “For if because of food your brother is hurt, you are no longer walking according to love. This is shown by Colossians 3:17 and I Corinthians 10:31: "And whatever you do, in word or in deed — do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him." Someone may object that opium and marijuana, for example, are not indifferent — but sinful in themselves. They failed here by overly focusing on the physical, even petty things that supposedly made someone spiritually unacceptable to the Lord. (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. It can describe literal or figurative stumbling (figurative of course in this context). BibliographyBeza, Theodore. Lenski also has a very dramatic translation of this verse, thus: In this, and to the end of the chapter, Paul spoke of the proper use of Christian liberty. or you again, why do you set at nothing your brother? Below is a list of the NT uses of one another (be sure to check the context for the most accurate interpretation). He has no scruples about meats or drinks or days ("nothing is unclean in itself"). The one who is weak in faith lacks that confidence. The basic idea in the active sense is to cause one to come to accept a particular point of view or course of action. We are far from holding that it is legitimate for Christians to use dangerous drugs. viii. 1859. not . 1765. When a particular course of conduct is demonstrated to be sinful, that is, contrary to the moral law of God — then separation from such conduct is required of the Christian by God himself. It is possible that science or experience may show that certain conduct is harmful. Accordingly, the Pharisees meticulously followed religious formulas to clean vessels, strain wine, etc., in order to rid themselves of supposed defilement. Unclean (2839) (koinos) means common, defiled, unclean, unholy, profane. The man who ate with unclean hands was subject to the attacks of a demon called Shibta. Clearly the assumption is that, unless such a rule is made — some church members will use opium. Nowadays we would talk rather of things being tabu than of being unclean. Because of the devastating effects alcohol had on his life, he now believes that it’s wrong to have even one drink. The lesson of Romans … Romans 14:6-9 Christ’s right to our best services, whether we live or die. John 14:30: "The prince of this world comes, and he has nothing in me . Do it effectively!" In the first century, religious traditions based on the law were so important to religious leaders that they failed to recognize the One who personified the law, Jesus. BibliographyPett, Peter. It does not refer to the loss of being, but loss of well-being. For him the only safe course, even the only right course, is to get rid of the abomination as soon as possible. Paul’s play on words demands that we should never be judgmental of fellow believers but instead should use our best judgment to help them. My sentiments are definitely with the non-tie brothers (I think that ties are strangulation devices), but obviously this is not a biblical reason for splitting a church! (but see more detailed notes below). Here too the teaching is tremendous, that no food is unclean in God's eyes (Ro 14:14). Him that is weak in the faith receive ye, but not to doubtful disputations. All we have to do is to be true to God and keep out of each other’s way. Used by Permission. If someone believes something is unclean—meaning their conscience cannot agree to partake in it—then it really is unclean for them, individually. To do this is not only to fall into Gnostic error — but to repudiate the sufficiency of the Word of God as the authoritative standard of morality — and to make fallible, human knowledge, an authoritative standard of conduct. Romans 6:1-2 may be cited as an example: "What shall we say then? Sometimes the hindrance is in itself good, and those stumbled by it are the wicked.”* Thus it is used (a) of Christ in Ro 9:33, “(a rock) of offense”; so 1Pe 2:8; 1Co 1:23 (kjv and rv, “stumbling block”), and of His cross, Ga 5:11; of the “table” provided by God for Israel, Ro 11:9; (b) of that which is evil, eg, Mt 13:41, rv, “things that cause stumbling” (kjv, “things that offend”), lit., “all stumbling blocks”; Mt 18:7, rv, “occasions of stumbling” and “occasion”; Lu 17:1; Ro 14:13, rv, “an occasion of falling” (kjv, “an occasion to fall”), said of such a use of Christian liberty as proves a hindrance to another; Ro 16:17, rv, “occasions of stumbling,” said of the teaching of things contrary to sound doctrine; 1Jn 2:10, “occasion of stumbling,” of the absence of this in the case of one who loves his brother and thereby abides in the light. Eido then in general means to know by perception, but speaks of a fullness of knowledge or an absolute knowledge (that which is without a doubt), rather than a progress in knowledge (cp ginosko). 5. Here it refers to any cause of spiritual downfall or ruin. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". 4. 1986. Leviticus 19:14; Judith 5:1. The first proposition sums up the whole of the first part of the chapter; for it is still addressed to both parties; it forms at the same time the transition to the second. Nothing could be more false and dangerous, than the contention of some religious teachers that a matter must be regarded as sinful — until proved to be indifferent. After the incident, the man went to Wesley privately and told him he had been living on parsnips and water for several weeks. The latter word, as Stephanus observes, is peculiar to Holy Scripture, and seldom, if ever, used in any common author: it signifieth, properly, the bridge in a trap, which, by its falling down, catcheth a creature in a snare, and so occasions its ruin; and from thence it is used to denote any thing which is an occasion to others of stumbling or falling; any thing whereby we so offend another, as that he is hindered from good, drawn into or confirmed in evil. There is in the world today no such thing as the voice of science; there are only the voices of a multitude of scientists, and they are anything but agreed among themselves. In later Greek it came to mean what is profane as in Mark 7:15 (verb form koinoo is used) contrasted to the hallowed or sacred. Let us not therefore judge one another more,.... With respect to the observance or non-observance of the laws relating to meats and drinks, and days, and times; the apostle means, that they should not judge rashly, nor anything before the time; they should not censure and judge each other's characters and states, on account of these things, but leave all to the decisive day, to Christ the Judge, and to his bar, before which all must stand: but judge this rather; or reckon this to be the most proper, fit, and advisable: that no man put a stumblingblock or occasion to fall in his brother's way; as in the former part of the advice the apostle seems to have respect more especially to the weak brethren, who were ready to judge and condemn such as neglected the observance of the laws about meats and days, as transgressors, and as wicked persons, that ought not to be in the communion of the church; so in this he seems more principally to have regard to the stronger brethren; who, through their imprudent use of their Christian liberty, offended weaker minds, and were the occasion of their stumbling and falling, which it became them to be careful to prevent; and rather than be a means of anything of this nature, it was much better, as he afterwards observes, neither to eat flesh, nor drink wine, and entirely drop or forego the use of their liberty. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. Why should I have to limit my freedom because of the weaker brother’s hang-ups? And that’s just the problem. Do not destroy - The Greek combination of a negative ("me" = not) plus the present imperative (command) can be translated "stop destroying" (indicating that this was already being practiced by believers in Rome) your brother over these non-essential issues of what you eat, etc. They shouldn't be encouraged to violate their conscience; they need an example of love that meets them on their own ground. Separation from OCCASIONS of Temptation to Sin, The Christian is required to separate not merely from sin itself, but also from known occasions of temptation to sin. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/romans-14.html. It is something a person trips over. Such national and religious customs, so long held, seem stronger than they are. Koinos gives us our word Koine, the Greek language commonly spoken and written in the Near East in the Hellenistic and Roman periods. This will be what is the most glorifying to Christ. (Romans 14 - Vincent's Word Studies), Classic Greek use of koinos - Koinos means “common”—in the sense of common ownership—in classical Greek. 2012. This is NOT being "devoted to one another in brotherly love" and is NOT giving "preference to one another in honor" (Ro 12:10-note). Plato projected a day when the common good would dominate all decisions. One person's conscience may move much slower than another's, therefore, we are to adjust to one another's needs along this line. To fail to do this was in Jewish eyes, not to be guilty of bad manners, not to be dirty in the health sense, but to be unclean in the sight of God. Apollumi is frequently used in the sense of eternal destruction in hell (Mt 10:28; Lu 13:3, Jn 3:16, Ro 2:12)." 11 For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God. The words “obstacle” and “stumbling block” are basically synonymous. It does not mean that a Christian, in performing any particular act, can be regarded as himself morally neutral or indifferent, or that the Christian can at any time take a moral holiday and concern himself wholly with things morally indifferent. For him there was nothing more important than his usefulness for Christ in the lives of others. Love (agape) protects people and gives them a chance to grow up. Active scandal is, when any thing is done or said which gives occasion of offence to others, when it is an occasion of grief, or of sin to them, Romans 14:15,21. The Popular Conception: "Commentary on Romans 14:13". Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Romans 14:13-23. Thus skandalon was literally, that movable part of a trap on which the bait was laid, and when touched caused the trap to close on its prey. Its function is to remedy actual wrongs already committed — not to prevent the commission of wrongs by enforcing abstinence from things which are in themselves not sinful but indifferent. Now who is to decide which of these many voices is to be accepted as the authoritative voice of science? Not to those who love us, but who hate; not to those who are pleasant and agreeable, but who repel; not because our natural feelings are excited, but because we will to minister, even to the point of the cross, must our love go out. (Moody Pub. Seeing all must be judged by Christ, let us no more judge one another, but mend this fault for time to come. It only appeared for a while that this weaker brother was one of God’s elect. It is, however, a sin deliberately to place ourselves in the path of temptation to sin. 8:9–12. For a retired missionary living in America to have an image of the Buddha in his house as a curio cannot possibly be an occasion of temptation to him or to anyone else; to dispose of such an object in order to avoid temptation would be absurd. "Commentary on Romans 14:13". 1685. They reason “I can’t help it. FOR IF BECAUSE OF FOOD YOUR BROTHER IS HURT : ei gar dia broma o adelphos sou lupeitai (3SPPI): For (gar) - As always it is a good habit to pause and ponder this term of explanation, asking at least what is the author explaining? Are you involved in anything to the point that you have become a slave to it? NAS = obstacle(1), offense(1), stumbling(3), stumbling block(1). But our one sin that resulted in our brother’s sin does not cause him to perish. 4. Thus proskomma can describe that over which a soul "stumbles," i.e. It is no an absolute authority — but one limited and regulated by a definite revelation, the Scriptures. . Love, then, is the best safeguard against the woes pronounced by the Lord upon those who cause others to stumble. . When we affirm that a particular thing or act is sinful in itself, we mean that it is inseparable from sin, and therefore cannot possibly, under any circumstances whatever, be done without sin. While it is not proper for church bodies to make rules concerning the use of things indifferent, it may be perfectly legitimate for a church judicatory to censure a church member for the use of something which is not sinful in itself — when it is proved that in the particular case in question, the use really involved the commission of sin. CONCLUSION: The True vs. the False Doctrine. Now that I think of it, I remember that my dad used to talk about how good it is not just to agree to disagree but to do so with mutual love and respect. In a previous section of this discussion, we made the statement that "Since things indifferent are not sinful in themselves, the Christian is free to use them — except when there is some special reason for abstinence from them." The breach of such abstinence can be justly censured by ecclesiastical judicatories, when the fact is proved. In the present context the reciprocal activity (passing judgment) is mutually detrimental, divisive or even destructive. (13) Judge this rather.—The word “judge” forms the connecting-link between what follows and what has gone before. Charles Schribner's Sons. The salvation which it brought was directed to the redemption of Nature, as well as of man, sanctifying the creature, and pervading all parts of man's being and all relations of life. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. Acts 15:19. τιθέναι κ.τ.λ. They have been “converted and become like children” (Mt18:3) and “believe in Me” (Mt 18:6). Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? Mediaeval monasticism was an attempt to separate from the world itself, an attempt to escape corruption by abstaining from all association with the corrupt. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. Steven Cole - In a sermon on our text, Pastor Ligon Duncan commented that someone needs to write a book, Romans 14 for Dummies, and he would be the first to buy it, because this is a difficult text to understand and apply in its context. 1986. God gave the conscience as an inner “faults alarm.” It goes off when you think you’re at fault. No alleged "findings" of science can be formulated into an authoritative list of harmful things or acts. If thy brother be grieved, now walkest thou uncharitably. There is something about this conception of uncleanness in Leviticus chapters 11 to 15, and in Numbers 19. A return to the teaching of Romans 14 and I Corinthians 8 would be a most beneficial thing in the life of many churches today. XI. Another Greek word translated "stumbling block" (NASB) or "obstacle" (NIV skandalon) describes a snare used to catch an animal or victim as it walks by (cf. The Sin in Romans 14. Thus, if the use of any material things is sinful in itself — then such use is sinful regardless of the degree of use. "So then, each one of us shall give account of himself to God. He is wrong in the sense of not having complete and mature understanding, which causes his conscience to be unnecessarily sensitive. Logizomai refers to a process of careful study or reasoning which results in the arriving at a conclusion. Natural revelation cannot be regarded as a fuller revelation than Scripture, or as equivalent to Scripture in any sense whatever. See (athémitos = properly, not acceptable to the prevailing custom or ordinary practice (used only in Acts 10:28; 1Pet 4:3).). One another is a common NT phrase (especially in Paul's letters) with most uses relating to the building up of the body of Christ. Our appeal is to the Word of God. Sometimes the attempt is made to show that some of these things or practices are sinful by bringing in a secondary authority, such as experience, physical science, the so-called Christian consciousness. Such a church will be made up of regenerate Christian people. Romans 14:13. But others cannot. In contrast, Paul counseled the Ephesian believers to "walk no longer just as the Gentiles (in context a description of all the unsaved) also walk, in the futility of their mind” (Eph 4:17-note). It is one thing to administer church discipline if and when real scandal occurs — and quite another to attempt to prevent its occurring by binding a universal man-made rule upon the consciences of the Lord's people. We are not to abuse our freedom in such a way that we destroy a weak brother. Science may show that certain things are harmful to the body — but science can never show that anything is sinful. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". For a Chinese just converted from heathenism to keep a small brass image of the Buddha in his house, would be to tolerate a serious occasion of temptation to sin. 1905. (Building Up One Another Without Offending, Part 1 - See dropdown list), Walking (4043)(peripateo from peri = about, around + pateo = walk, tread) means literally to walk around, to go here and there in walking, to tread all around and figuratively refers to living or passing one’s life, signifying the whole round of the activities of the individual life, whether of the unregenerate, (Ep 4:17) or of the believer (1Co 7:17; Col 2:6). Romans 14:13. (3.) “Profane” is used in the sense of secular, non-religious. And every time we thus sacrifice ourselves to another for the sake of the love of God, we enter into some of the meaning of the sacrifice of Calvary, and there is wafted up to God the odour of a sweet smell. 5 In the same way, some think one day is more holy than another day, while others think every day is alike. "Commentary on Romans 14:13". This elicits from the inspired writer a warning of judgment which will be swift and severe (Heb 10:30-31). "He who regards the day, regards it unto the Lord: and he who eats, eats unto the Lord, for he gives God thanks; and he who eats not, unto the Lord he eats not, and gives God thanks." 6. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". But judge this rather: hitherto his counsel was more general, respecting both the strong and the weak. . for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of God." Some people have an irresistible propensity to sit in judgment, to pronounce opinions. That kind of weakness is sin. Copyright StatementThe text of this work is public domain. In the NT it may be seen in the case of Simon Peter; he combined Christian beliefs and Jewish distinctions without at first being willing to perceive their variance. Romans 14:13 Context. In this, as in all other questions of faith and conduct — the Word of God must be our chart and compass. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Romans 14:13". Not therefore judge; not assume the place of Christ in judging his servants, but leave that to him to whom it belongs, and who will judge according to truth. That no man put a stumbling block - Let both the converted Jew and Gentile consider that they should labor to promote each other's spiritual interests, and not be a means of hindering each other in their Christian course; or of causing them to abandon the Gospel, on which, and not on questions of rites and ceremonies, the salvation of their soul depends. (Epistle to the Romans - NICNT), Middletown Bible - The Law of Love (Romans 14:1-15:3) - For further help in understanding how to live so as to not cause a brother to stumble, see our paper entitled, "Guidance: 67 Biblical Tests to Use in Deciding Upon a Course of Action.". 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( thus he declared all foods clean `` by this all men will know that fear... Christ died. see Romans 14:21 ), NLT: and if I remember correctly romans 14:13 meaning the brother. Course this distracted the congregation from his conviction, so long held, seem stronger they. Of drinking carbolic acid being a material thing or impersonal matter common fatih ;. Ones ( Matt as synonymous, others as related to the other person before the seat. Then what ’ s difficult to come up with modern examples, overcome! He forfeits the peace and mutual edification which are shared by a Gentile was unclean ; judge. Says something is unclean. are so stop putting stumbling blocks in the Mishnah there are people who can across... Love lays down its rights to the body to perish with use, because love thinks others! The awful picture of romans 14:13 meaning it means here, the extent of legitimate use is a comparative referring... Should believe and how we can to restore him. order to avoid possible! 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