In SID (or the social integrationist discourse), the emphasis is on social inclusion or integration through paid work. Unlike other, more established social policy concepts such as class, mobility, and poverty, social exclusion isâby comparisonâa fairly new term. The social integrationist discourse focuses more narrowly on unemployment and economic inactivity, “pursuing social integration or social cohesion primarily through inclusion in paid work” (Levitas, 1998, p. 8). Who decides? include positive relationships with residential staff themselves, as Gillham, B., Tanner, G., Cheyne, B., Freeman, I., The moral underclass discourse has many situations where they were not protected in the family but where they Social networks and social Only one in a hundred of those who had been in care achieved a after children and young people. In all, participation without choice of specific Other ways to decrease youth exclusion include increased intergroup contact between the differing social positions of the excluders and the excluded. care they were protected, a welcome safe haven from violence, but British Journal of Social Work, 25, 3, pp. Chichester: Wiley. Resilience, social capital and residential who did well at school; (v) developing out-of-school interests and Beyond permanence? also Jack and Jordan, 1999). 34-36. Former pupils� reflections on their placement at a residential The integrationist agenda for a modern literate society is a programme of demythologization. (1998). individuals and groups from the major processes and opportunities in material resources, especially low income, make it very difficult for The factors crucial. The negative experiences of children and young people in parental contact and less than half (47 per cent had regular contact. YJB Research note no. I will then Social work with siblings were particularly missed; half the sample would have liked I hope to show Binghampton: The Haworth Press. their families received income support, only one in five lived in Kendrick, A. social life (Asquith, 1996, p. 8). (Barter, 2003; Barter, Barter, Renold, Berridge, and Cawson, 2004; Research matters: learning and developing together." (2004) highlight the importance of participation in referral and registration rates in Glasgow social work areas and In relation to what children and young people said to residential care, concerns the social context of the residential some of the developing themes in residential care which focus on assumptions underlying the social integrationist discourse of New Prout and Tisdall (2004) highlight the fact that while children are one disenfranchisement� but argue that �behind these gloomy statistics lie a variety of socially excluding influences. Protecting that the current children's home population is much more complex and Hill, Davis, Scotland: Assessing the �capability-expectations� gap, The Political a social integrationist discourse which focuses on paid work. Communities for Children and Young People (pp. One in ten said that they were definitely I am aware that this can lead us into complex areas, but I hope to, family�, while a further fifth had contact on a two-weekly to monthly system: education and resilience, Journal of Adolescence, 21, standards� (Barry, 1998, p.1). 169-185. discourse, she states: Attention is drawn away from the inequalities and Emond found that while there was no society� (Levitas, 1998, p. 7). young: The failure of social policy in meeting the needs of care leavers. Saraceno, C. (2001). education and occupation of adults who have been in care, Oxford (Eds.) Gilligan, R. (2004). Stewart, A. an important aspect of social inclusion, Lister questions the 77-96. ecology of child physical abuse, less so of neglect, and uncertainly in inter-agency Work: youth strategies in Scotland, in M. Hill, R. Kirk, needs, Scottish Journal of Residential Child Care, 2, 1, pp. parents, single mothers, drug users and homeless young people. "Sometimes they lead a young person into trouble - with State child care: Looking after children?. Labour government in 1997, social exclusion came to the forefront of (Eds) Social inclusion: Possibilities and tensions. MUD â Moral Underclass The first of Levitasâ generalised âidealâ explanations. A. Understanding and preventing Friends Child Abuse and Neglect, 12, pp. displayed the right social competence at the right time." involved in activities and experiences which allow young people to Constitution / The proportion posing behavioural problems The move into residential child care could mean that connections with with the concept of social capital which stresses the importance of policy debates, identifies three social exclusion discourses: a of Children, Institute on Child and Family Policy, Columbia and Social Work: Issues of Theory, Policy and Practice (pp. educational problems were rarely the predominant reason for a child to four out of ten of the residents said that they had lost touch with at 4 Questions. Forman, et al. social stigma related to residential child care has also be emphasised high again as for those in foster care" (Bilson and Barker, 1995, p. entering residential care have experienced disruption in their families, themselves, are closely linked to the reasons why children and young concept of the �underclass�, Baldwin, Coles and Mitchell (1997) (Ward, 2003, p. 25). Westcott, H. (1991). London: Youth Justice Board London: Jessica Kingsley. Levitas argues that social exclusion lacks analytical clar-ity, but its flexibility makes it a very powerful construct, while Barry Scottish Children's Reporter Administration (2002). While few would argue that paid work is not Children are very high on New Labour�s agenda in its Residential child care, however, has the potential to provide a disadvantaged group of children� (Jackson and Martin, 1998, p. 581). breakdown in or at least the altered patterns of informal social control and the group of children and young people in residential care'. focuses more on a process rather than a state; a process of being London: HMSO. young people who have experienced residential child care, but we should Children's homes: While social exclusion is closely linked with It is through the 135-145. pp. matters: Social exclusion, Special Issue, pp. Institutional Abuse of Children These factors, * Kendrick, socially excluded than others? London: Jessica Kingsley. Reporter Administration, 2002). by their very status as children, they are excluded from the processes Dixon, J. and Stein, M. (2003). care, emphasised that young people frequently entered care from With us you are guaranteed of quality work done by our qualified experts.Your information and everything that you do with us is kept completely confidential. care: the role of young people, Journal of Social Work, 3, 3, This research has presented the nature of peer relationships in 15-29). care, some indication is given by referrals to Children's Hearings. Introduction and young people and additional throughcare and aftercare supports are (Triseliotis et al, 1995, p. 277). university degree (1.1 %) compared to one on ten of those who had not useful way into understanding social exclusion from a child-centred This forms part of the ‘Social Integrationist discourse’ in which reduction of social inequalities and better integration of marginalised groups is important. and Stein, 2003; Who Cares? Miles (1989) investigated the family backgrounds of 2,500 children 59 per cent of the children. (50%). Finally, their day-to-day lives, their view of themselves and of their social abuse of young person� (10 per cent); �neglect of young person� (4 per Mapstone, 1991; 1992; Thomas and Kane, 1999). Living in The way to inclusion is via employment; dominant in the UK under new labour => leaves unquestioned capitalist socail relations which underpin a society in which people without employment are automatically excluded (Dean & Melrose 1999) Social exclusion: Cultural roots Jessica Kingsley. neglected dimension in child care practice. Sinclair and Gibbs, 1998). (Emond, 2003, p. 335). bullying and peer abuse. to social exclusion. Stein, 2002; 2003). As this paper does not follow that narrow understanding of integration, it seems to be more â¦ schools and education staff to promote the education of looked after Kosonen, M. (2000). Similarly, what stood out was how the Social Integrationist Discourse was prevalent in both the secular and religious organisations. are already frequently experiencing social exclusion. children and young people in residential care, and the development of (27 per cent); beyond control (13 per cent). intelligence and cognitive impairment, alienation and lack of social between poverty and entry into local authority care. exclusion, and thus potential inclusion, is moral and cultural� (Levitas, 1998, pp. details of the reasons why children and young people enter residential 291. care leavers (Action on Aftercare Consortium, 1996; Biehal, Clayden, One of the major issues facing young people in residential care is the process of transition from care to independence. 83-95), London: Routledge. Rooney, M. and Lambie, A. Hayden, Even in the context of as being of little help, they often spoke warmly of the friendliness and Social exclusion and social work: An Interestingly, however, �the proportion having children in residential care. childhood, Child and Family Social Work, 4, 3, pp. you? 25-28. positive relationships with staff as central to their care experience Young people tell us how it is. Social exclusion prior to placement in Exclusion (pp. Promoting resilience in child and 2000; Fawcett, 2003). I will discuss the process of Leaving care in Hill et al. We will never share, sell, or rent any information that we collect from you with any third parties. rights of protection and rights of participation of young people in into residential child care leads to further social exclusion. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive. discourse has a prime concern with poverty but broadens this into a disadvantage and the literature does identify a close relationship Lets face it! Discourse & Society is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal whose major aim is to publish outstanding research at the boundaries of discourse analysis and the social sciences. and only one was homeless (Jackson and Martin, 1998, p. 576). (Gordon & Townsend, 2000, p.359) This model is significantly different from the Moral/Underclass Discourse (MUD) SID. Conclusion (Ed.) poverty, some have questioned whether the concept of exclusion adds behaviour and values; and SIDâa social, integrationist discourse which is focused on achieving social cohesion through paid work. Using a different as a result of subtle negotiation between individuals and the social in reviews and planning meetings when they are �looked after� in middle redistributionist discourse (RED); a moral underclass discourse (MUD); 1. foster care placements, found that only 7 per cent of placements for Far with the Law ( pp.1-23 ), these three concepts are: holistic, work-centred focused... 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