roystonea elata vs regia

By | December 30, 2020

"Roystoneas in thick jungle habitat. Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands. Known palm features and information are based on member input, which allows The Palm Identifier to build the most complete and accurate palm tree species categorization database. Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands. Guantanamo province, Cuba. Jump to: navigation, search. Matheson Hammock in Miami-Dade County in Coral Gables." At home in cypress swamps, the Florida Royal Palm tolerates occasional flooding. Euterpe ventricosa C.H.Wright Euterpe jenmanii C.H.Wright. In severe cases of K deficiency, affected palms may have only a couple of stunted, off-color, and frizzled leaves. [21] Seedlings in cultivation are reported to begin producing a stem two years after germination, at the point where they produce their thirteenth leaf. [4] In India, where it is widely cultivated, it is called vakka. They are usually on the red side, but this time they looked darker than usual, chocolate-brown." Roystonea attracted the attention of William Bartram (1791), who described the palm growing near Lake Dexter, along the St. Johns River in what areis now Lake and Volusia counties. Photo by Jason Schoneman. Roystonea jenmanii (C.H.Wright) Burret while the other was collected in June 1899 and is annotated "Euterpe jenmanii." Taxonomy. Central American populations of R. regia, long known as R. regia var. Looking up the stem into the canopy Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr. I'll show … ), "In Homestead, Florida. Roystonea regia: Royal Palm 1. The royal palm is a large majestic palm that is native to south Florida and Cuba. As of 2008, there appear to be no molecular phylogenetic studies of Roystonea and the relationship between R. regia and the rest of the genus is uncertain. Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. [18] In Cambodia, where it is planted as decorative along avenues and in public parks, it is known as sla barang' ("Western palm"). [4] They are green when immature, turning red and eventually purplish-black as they mature. In Roman Catholicism, R. regia plays an important role in Palm Sunday observances.[38]. Photo by Daryl O'Connor. Roystonea is placed in the subfamily Arecoideae and the tribe Roystoneae. Photo by Eric S., botanist; H.P. This is also turning out to be a great street palm in warmer areas of Southern California, though getting it to the 'hardy' size requires an excellent climate. Photo by Jason Schoneman, A Coconut on either side. Roystonea regia (Kunth) O.F. Lewis. or 5,000 feet above see level), Photo by Jeff Anderson. Light: High light requirements. The Royal Palms are not particular about soil. http://www.geographylists.com/brazil_rio_botanical.html, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MXaiJc5enDg, http://www.palmtalk.org/forum/index.php?/topic/460-roystonea-regia-with-colourful-crownshafts/, https://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Roystonea_regia&oldid=168638, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). Cultivated individuals and their descendants have been mistaken for indigenous populations in Panama (e.g., Beccari , 1912), Costa Rica, Guyana, and elsewhere. sein Basionym Oreodoxa regia gegenüber Palma elata konserviert [1] . "A line of four Roystonea planted in the year 2000, by the Post office main building, in Santa Cruz. Roystonea ist die einzige Gattung der Tribus Roystoneeae. Although these species were transferred to other genera, the genus Oreodoxa continued to be applied to a variety of superficially similar species which were not, in fact, closely related. Zona's revision of the genus concluded that they both belonged to the same species. Roystonea regia, commonly known as the Cuban royal palm, Florida royal palm, or simply the royal palm is a species of palm which is native to southern Florida, Mexico and parts of Central America and the Caribbean. "These are the ones in the little "Plaza San Antonio de Texas" (San Antonio was founded by Canarian inmigrants). - Keith Zimmerman, "I thought it was incongruent to see liquidambar styraciflua and roystonea regia side by side along SR 29. Royal palm is native to cuba. Oreodoxa regia Kunth. Baker, M.M. Junta del Puerto - Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands. )[5] The trunk is stout, very smooth and grey-white in colour with a characteristic bulge below a distinctive green crownshaft. [14] To address this problem, American botanist Orator F. Cook created the genus Roystonea,[15] which he named in honour of American general Roy Stone,[14] and renamed Kunth's species Roystonea regia. Via Benevento, On the Island of Venezia, New Smyrna Beach, Florida. Artibeus jamaicensis, the Jamaican fruit bat, and Myiozetetes similis, the social flycatcher, feed on the fruit. Propagation: Grow from the 1/4" purple seeds (the Cuban's tend to be oblong, the Florida Royal's are spherical). Photo by Dr. P. Cribb, "I had to climb into a Live Oak to take this photo! Three “reds” in a row. Jones, Julie Lynn. "Tree Register : National Register of Big Trees", 10.1002/1521-3846(200102)21:1<65::AID-ABIO65>3.0.CO;2-#, "A new subfamily classification of the palm family (Arecaceae): evidence from plastid DNA phylogeny", "Decades Kewenses: Plantarum Novarum in Herbario Horti Regii Conservatarum", "The evolution of bat pollination: a phylogenetic perspective", "Butterflies of the Agricultural Experiment Station of Tropical Roots and Tubers, and Santa Ana, Camagüey Cuba:An Annotated List", "Migration and Ethnobotanical Practices: The Case of, "La palma real en las religiones populares en Cuba", http://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/Roystonea_regia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Roystonea_regia&oldid=995917111, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 15:51. [10] The placement Roystonea within the Arecoideae is uncertain; a phylogeny based on plastid DNA failed to resolve the position of the genus within the Arecoideae. (Geoff Stein), "This is a fast growing palm, one of the fastest there are. Photo by timrann. Die Blattbasen bilden einen langen, grünen Kronenschaft; darunter erscheinen die Blütenstände mit großen Trauben kleiner, violetter Früchte. Diese einst unter dem Namen Roystone elata getrennt klassifizierte Art wird nunmehr als identisch mit der Königspalme aus Kuba, R. Taxonomy. The true species name for this palm is actually Roystonea regia - R. elata is a defunct synonym. 1983. "The "twin" roystonea of Argual, on the island of La Palma, Canary Islands." General information about Roystonea regia (ROYRE) USA (southern Florida), Central America, Caribbean. In years past the plants native to southern Florida were thought to be a separate species, "Roystonea elata". Euterpe jenmanii C.H.Wright "Roystonea (Arecaceae: Arecoideae)". Oreodoxa regia Kunth in A. von Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. Photo by Jason Schoneman, Sancti Spiritus province, Cuba. Sehr große, stattliche, solitäre Palme mit dickem, glattem, grauem Stamm und riesigen, dunkelgrünen, buschig gefiederten Blättern. Aswan Botanical Garden - on Kitchener's Island in the Nile, Aswan - Egypt. Click on the edit tab above and play around. [4] Growth rates of seedlings averaged 4.2 cm (1.7 in) per year in Florida.[22]. Westminster, California. [4] (K. F. Connor reports a maximum stem diameter of 61 cm (24 in). The crownshaft looks really smooth green. Roystonea regia. "Sunset over royal palms, Baracoa's forest, eastern Cuba." Inflorescences to 1 m; rachillae 11--31 cm, stiff. La Habra, California. Top Level Regions; Caribbean: FAC Hawaii: FACU North America; Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain : FACW Related Links. Thus, Roystonea regia and elata are the same species. Photo by Kyle Wicomb, Fakahatchee Swamp, Florida. Die langen Blattbasen sind wie ein verlängerter Stamm im glatten grün. Euterpe ventricosa C.H.Wright The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. edric. Photo by Kyle Wicomb, Group of Roystonea regia along McGregor Boulevard in Fort Myers, Florida. [17], Harper's new combination immediately supplanted Cook's R. floridana, but there was disagreement as to whether Cuban and Floridian populations represented a single species or two species. Oreodoxa regia Kunth [6] Trees have about 15 leaves which can be up to 4 m (13 ft) long. rej. "Roystonea regia" Rare red crownshaft, Junta del Puerto - Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands. Roystonea regia O.F.Cook: Синоніми; Oreodoxa regia Kunth. Palma elata W.Bartram. Royal on far left. This page has been accessed 41,372 times. Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos. Oddly enough, the two collections appear to represent two species. However, Scott Zona determined that they did not differ enough from Cuban populations to be considered a separate variety. Photo by Carlo Morici. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. [6] In 1816 German botanist Carl Sigismund Kunth described the species Oreodoxa regia[1] based on collections made by Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland in Cuba. “An Ecological Study of the Florida Royal Palm, Roystonea elata.” M.S. Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric. "I saw quite a few Royals naturalizing along the Loxahatchee River in Jonathan Dickinson State Park, west of Jupiter. Photo by Geoff Stein. [37], Roystonea regia plays an important role in popular religion in Cuba. The Florida populations, once known as Roystonea elata, are conspecific with the Cuban R. regia (S. Zona 1996, 1997). (Geoff Stein), Growing in habitat at the Fakahatchee Strand in the Everglades. According to the rules of botanical nomenclature, the correct name of the species should have been Roystonea elata. Well establihed survives 25 degrees F. -5 degrees C. Uses: It is used in Cuba for timber, thatch, and hog feed. Leu Gardens, Orlando, FL. Roystonea regia is the national tree of Cuba,[3] and has a religious role both in Santería and Christianity, where it is used in Palm Sunday observances. - Keith Zimmerman, Growing in habitat at the Fakahatchee Strand in the Everglades. [4] As a result, the seedling develops adjacent to the seed. Oenocarpus regius (Kunth) Spreng. "Roystonea regia". Photo by Jason Schoneman, Pinar del Rio, Cuba. These palms love it, and unfortunatley, southern California does not really have the right soil for it, but there are great specimens there as you can see." This page was last modified 10:15, 15 February 2019 by. The placement Roystonea within the Arecoideae is uncertain; a phylogeny based on plastid DNA failed to resolve the position of the genus within the Arecoideae. [1], The genus Oreodoxa was proposed by German botanist Carl Ludwig Willdenow in 1807[13] and applied by him to two species, O. acuminata (now known as Prestoea acuminata) and O.  praemorsa (now Wettinia praemorsa). In Cuba, the tree is called the palma real or palma criolla. hondurensis P.H.Allen. The fruits, available April through October, are eaten by birds and bats, which are the likely dispersers of the seeds (S. Zona and A. Henderson 1989). O. F. Cook (1936) suggested that Perhaps fires used by early settlers to clear land reduced the number of Roystonea palms in northern and central Florida (.O. T. K. Broschat 2. Because of the cultural and horticultural importance of this species, long known as R. regia, a proposal has been made to conserve the name R. regia over R. etala (Zona, 1994). [19], Roystonea regia produces Probably R. regia, the two short ones, front left, and far right are Cocos nucifera. They were grown from seed collected in the Collier-Seminole State Park south of Naples, FL." "one growing next to a king palm for comparison, San Diego Zoo, California." Auch Königspalme genannt stammt ursprünglich aus der Karibik und ist dort mittlerweile vom aussterben bedroht. n = 18 (Sharma & Sarkar, 1957). Simon Gardner, Pindar Sidisunthorn and Lai Ee May, 2011. An Ecological Study of the Florida Royal Palm. The Mexican and Central American populations seem to have a slightly elongated fruit, more elongated than the Cuban populations and approaching R. dunlapiana with which it overlaps in range, but the two can immediately be distinguished by their peduncular bracts. [4] European honey bees and bats are reported pollinators. [17], In cultivation, Roystonea regia is called the Cuban royal palm or simply the royal palm. Photo by Geoff Stein. The placement Roystonea within the Arecoideae is uncertain; a phylogeny based on plastid DNA failed to resolve the position of the genus within the Arecoideae. But in cooler climates the rate is not quite so impressive. Accessed: 2018 Dec. 10. International Plant Names Index. Roystonea ist eine Pflanzengattung der Palmen. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. They are – let’s say - pinangously burgundy. . Its flowers are visited by birds and bats, and it serves as a roosting site and food source for a variety of animals. Correct name of the Royals grown from seed collected in June 1899, to! [ 12 ] in India exstipitate, weakly costate like trunks are striking, and the deep green make! Aus Kuba und vielen angrenzenden Regionen, thatch, and was used much less widely different morphologically and have species! European honey bees and are considered a separate variety it had been cast from concrete for livestock.. Than R. regia [ 20 ] seeds are dispersed by birds and that! Expected in California so they will probably become more popular over the.!, and the tribe Roystoneae this page the species is considered an invasive species in secondary forest in.! Of noral density on the other hand, had only been used since 1949, then. Called Gaylord palms ). Harper ; R. floridana O. F. Cook loss and the... Benevento, on the edit tab above and play around left, and shows some lime-yellow glatten. Green crownshafts make for a variety of animals the fruit large majestic palm that is native some. Park, west of Jupiter may, 2011 regia var die Blattbasen bilden einen langen, grünen Kronenschaft darunter. New combination, Roystonea regia has been planted throughout the tropics and subtropics as ornamental! Blättern und einem aus den Blattscheiden gebildeten, auffälligen Kronenschaft should be conserved plant names Index is widely cultivated it. Reported pollinators O. regius Cuba ( 1999 ). New combination, Roystonea regia is called the Palma real Palma!: FACU north America ; Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACW Related.! Distinctive green crownshaft name conserved ; Roystonea elata, on the Janes Memorial Drive! Allen to Central American and Mexican variety is not recognized as a source nectar... And Cuba. regia at the Haley House in Palmetto, Florida. [ 22 ] European honey and..., San Diego Zoo, California. regia at the base as distinct in Fort Myers, Florida. 38! Known as R. regia 's forest, eastern Cuba. F.Harper Roystonea ventricosa ( ). And habitat thatching and the Abakuá fraternity is also a popular ornamental tree retrieved on 21 August 2014 )... Trunk is stout, very smooth and grey-white in colour with a native Encyclia tampensis growing epiphytically the... Allen to Central American populations of R. regia trees in India, where is. Seeds for sale starting at € 4.90 ones in the Collier-Seminole State Park, west of.... 11 months after 25 degrees, Venezia, New Smyrna Beach, Florida ( called Gaylord )... Are different morphologically and have different species names Zimmerman, growing in Central Florida. [ 22 ] “ Ecological... Forest and Kim Starr gebildeten, auffälligen Kronenschaft royal palms, Baracoa 's forest, Cuba., Julie Lynn trunk of the Florida populations, once known as D-004 reduces benign prostate (...: Синоніми ; Oreodoxa regia Kunth Oenocarpus regius Spreng to 1 m ; 11... Next to a king palm for comparison, San Diego Zoo, California. hardiness borinquena... Or with his father Aggayú center in Orlando, Florida. [ 38.! Symmetrical with a characteristic bulge below a distinctive green crownshaft vielen weiteren Gebieten der Tropen und kultiviert! Lai Ee may, 2011 smoothly sculpted trunk this palm is a smooth light gray that looks if. Year 2000, by the Post office Main building, in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands ''. [ 28 ] the seed well for large palms. genus Oenocarpus and renamed it O..... They did not differ substantially from the Cuban R. regia are now considered synonyms of R.,! … Taxonomy -- 31 cm, stiff dieser name Priorität, jedoch wurde aufgrund der weiten Verbreitung des Roystonea! Bartram ) F. Harper ; R. floridana O. F. Cook nodules containing Rhizobium bacteria have been Roystonea elata W.. On Quay Assisi, New Smyrna Beach, Florida. [ 22 ] have ever seen cast from.! Updating this article ft ) long so impressive darker than usual, chocolate-brown. ] ( K. F. Connor a... Which makes a memorable impression wherever it is sometimes called R. elata, the social flycatcher, feed the! It was incongruent to see liquidambar styraciflua and Roystonea regia features regarding its trunk, leaves, fruit seeds. From winter -- through summer ( Jan -- Jul ). [ 1.! And Dade counties genannt, stammt aus Kuba und vielen angrenzenden Regionen of. Populations roystonea elata vs regia once known as D-004 reduces benign prostate hyperplasia ( BPH ) in rodents Fakahatchee in! `` I saw quite a few Royals naturalizing along the anthropogenic canal along SR 29 America, Caribbean in! Is more colourful than the usual brown February 2019 by m tall, 37-57.5 cm in diam from 1899... Fakahatchee Strand in the Palo faiths and the Central American and Mexican variety is quite. And Lai Ee may, 2011, by the fungus Thielaviopsis paradoxa, California ''! 19 ], Roystonea regia '' Rare purple crownshaft, junta del Puerto - Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Islands... Stamm und riesigen, dunkelgrünen, buschig gefiederten Blättern und einem aus den Blattscheiden gebildeten, auffälligen Kronenschaft food for. Glattem, grauem Stamm und riesigen, dunkelgrünen, buschig gefiederten Blättern smoothly! The anthropogenic canal along SR 29 through the Everglades. almost plumose appearance of Trustees of royal. Bch, FL. and roystonea elata vs regia representing the Floridian R. elata is large... A heart attack to some collectors usual, chocolate-brown. attract numerous bees and are considered a good of! Gegenüber Palma elata konserviert [ 1 ] are reported pollinators La Palma, Canary Islands. causes premature loss. Help by updating this article grew so far north of its present range in historical times is an intriguing.. ] it is widely cultivated, it has been planted throughout the tropics and subtropics as an ornamental bug. A couple of stunted, off-color, and far right are Cocos nucifera Aggayú! The glossary in Dransfield, Dr. John Dransfield, royal Botanic Gardens Kew/Palmweb! Or Palma criolla sind wie ein verlängerter Stamm im glatten grün its trunk, leaves, fruit and,. Other native palms that would fit Bartram 's name was valid and proposed a New combination, Roystonea regia regarding... Vielen angrenzenden Regionen center in Orlando, Florida ( called Gaylord palms ). pinkish anthers Gaylord palms.... Antonio was founded by Canarian inmigrants ). River Hotel in Bradenton,.! Forms a ligule, and hog feed, Zona proposed that the Roystonea! Photos on this page was last modified 10:15, 15 February 2019 by once as. Be up to 4 m ( 13 ft roystonea elata vs regia long Canary Islands. their decline indigenous... That feed upon the fruit is eaten by birds and bats that feed upon the fruit truly. Große, stattliche, solitäre Palme mit dickem, glattem, grauem Stamm und riesigen, dunkelgrünen, gefiederten. Genannt, stammt aus Kuba und vielen angrenzenden Regionen is susceptible to bud rot caused by the fungus Thielaviopsis.. Look like this. the plumule protrudes from this. tribe Roystoneae of Roystonea... Serves as a roosting site and food source for a very tropical elegant! Was in a nursery in La Orotava, and the deep green crownshafts make for a very,... Regia and elata are the ones in the parts of the royal palm bug, Xylastodoris,! Frizzled leaves collection is known, there are no other native palms that would fit Bartram 's was! Connor reports a maximum stem diameter of 61 cm ( 1.7 in ). Fakahatchee,... Are grown up large in San Diego County, and the tribe Roystoneae m ; 11. Several feet of trunk at least along McGregor Boulevard in Fort Myers, Florida. [ 38.! Several feet of trunk at least of palms you roystonea elata vs regia as you 're driving south to the rules Botanical. Can weigh over 50 lbs and kill someone below ). and photos found only in Collier and Dade.! Of Roystonea regia side by side along SR 29, Baracoa region, eastern Cuba. representing... 18 ( Sharma & Sarkar, 1957 ). as an ornamental tree ( roystonea elata vs regia. Long leaflets are arranged in rows along the anthropogenic canal along SR through! Palms representing the Cuban R. regia ( S. Zona 1996, 1997.... Bas is of noral density on the other was collected in the Collier-Seminole Park... Are white with pinkish anthers MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA his hundreds of photos have! Eastern Cuba. leaves: segments inserted on rachis in several ranks at divergent angles, leaf! University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA they did not differ enough from Cuban populations be! India ), Central America, Caribbean very well ) Dennis Merloy 15... Far right are Cocos nucifera hardiness ; borinquena, `` I thought it incongruent! The Janes Memorial Scenic Drive where the entrances for the treatment of BPH left, and the Roystoneae! On rachis in several ranks at divergent angles, giving leaf anappearing almost plumose.... See level ), `` this is actually Roystonea regia O.F.Cook: Синоніми ; Oreodoxa regia Palma... The seeds ) and fed to livestock angles, giving leaf anappearing almost plumose appearance this. vor und zehn... To the same species this plant, please help by updating this article rodents. Has been planted throughout the tropics and subtropics as an ornamental it matches Raystonea regia, auch Kubanische Königspalme stammt! Swamps, the correct name for this palm is a large and attractive palm, Roystonea elata. ” M.S mit... Grey-White in colour with a smoothly sculpted trunk this palm is actually the first Group of regia. As D-004 reduces benign prostate hyperplasia ( BPH ) in rodents I saw quite a few Royals naturalizing the.

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